WASHINGTON ― After nearly a week of negotiations that culminated in a tense shouting match on the Senate floor on Monday, lawmakers announced they were close to reaching a deal on massive trillion-dollar emergency legislation aimed at propping up the U.S. economy and giving relief to workers hit hard by the coronavirus pandemic.
“Last night, I thought we were on the 5-yard line. Right now, we’re on the 2,” Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) said Tuesday of his negotiations with Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, borrowing some football terminology. “I don’t see any [issues] that can’t be overcome within the next few hours.”
The bill, which would cost approximately $ 2 trillion, includes hundreds of billions in loans for small businesses, many of which have been forced to close to fight the spread of the virus. It also provides direct cash payments to the majority of Americans who are struggling to make ends meet or who have lost jobs during the crisis.
Democrats twice delayed passage of the measure to secure key priorities. The bill now includes more funding for hospitals and health care workers than Republicans proposed, as well as expanded unemployment benefits to cover individuals who are not currently covered by traditional unemployment assistance for four months. Republicans initially proposed three months.
“The federal government will pay your full salary for four months,” Schumer said of the new expanded unemployment insurance provisions.
Democrats also succeeded in securing in some oversight over $ 400 billion in loans to distressed corporations, which some critics were calling a “slush fund.” The massive pot of money would be controlled by President Donald Trump’s administration and could include bailouts to affected industries like hotels, casinos, cruise lines, and the oil and gas industry. Under the terms of the deal, however, an independent inspector general and a congressional oversight board would be in charge of scrutinizing the lending decisions.
An outstanding issue not yet agreed upon is whether companies that accept aid from U.S. taxpayers can reward shareholders and their executives through stock buybacks. Schumer said Tuesday he was fighting to prohibit such moves.
Republicans excoriated Democrats over the delay on Monday, accusing them of putting Americans’ health and safety at risk while job losses and deaths mounted.
“This body can’t get its act together, and the only reason it can’t get its act together is right over here on the other side of the aisle,” Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) said on the floor. “Are you kidding me?”
Tensions flared as members of both parties traded shots over the bill.
“This is unbelievable,” Sen. Susan Collins (R-Maine) yelled at one point after Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) objected to her speaking on the floor.
During another heated exchange on the floor, Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio) responded to a question from Sen. Tom Cotton (R-Ark.) by saying, “I know you always want to do … the president’s bidding.”
But the mood in the chamber turned significantly more upbeat on Tuesday as both sides expressed optimism about passing the bill early this week.
The legislation is the third and largest of the government’s responses to the coronavirus crisis. Last week, Trump signed House Democrats’ bill that makes coronavirus testing free, expands unemployment insurance benefits and provides paid leave to some displaced workers.
Much of the negotiations occurred behind closed doors on Sunday and Monday. Mnuchin was spotted walking back and forth between the offices of McConnell and Schumer. He also sat down for two hours with Brown, the top Democrat on the Senate Banking Committee.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) unveiled her own massive rescue bill on Monday that would cost at least $ 2.5 trillion. It’s unclear whether she’ll move forward with passing the legislation and insist on merging it with the Senate bill, a process that could substantially delay getting the bill to the president’s desk.
Senate Democrats “have done a great job,” Pelosi said Tuesday in an interview on CNBC. “Overarchingly we’re getting to a good place.”
This is a developing story. Please check back for updates.
- Read our live blog for the latest updates from HuffPost reporters around the world
- The world is facing a crucial test this week in flattening the curve
- 8 things people diagnosed with coronavirus want you to know
- How to grocery shop for a quarantine
- Doctors answer the most common coronavirus questions
- Health care workers are struggling with a shortage of protective gear
- 27 comfort shows to watch while self-isolating
- The HuffPost guide to working from home
- 10 ways to practice solidarity while social distancing
- What coronavirus questions are on your mind right now? We want to help you find answers.